What is the Flaming Sword that Guards The Way to the Tree of Life?

God makes an interesting statement when Adam and Eve eat of the fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil.

He says this in Genesis 3:22 – And the Lord God said, ‘The man has now become like one of us, knowing good and evil. He must not be allowed to reach out his hand and take also from the tree of life and eat, and live forever.’  

God sends Adam and Eve out of the Garden and places Cherubim with a Flaming Sword that flashes back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.   I will show you how the Cherubim and the Flaming Sword lead us back to Jesus.

Let us examine what trees represent in the Bible.

Many times the Word of God declares that people are trees. Here are a few examples below.

(Daniel to King Nebuchadnezzar) Daniel 4:20 – 22 The tree you saw, which grew large and strong, with its top touching the sky, visible to the whole earth, with beautiful leaves and abundant fruit, providing food for all, giving shelter to the beasts of the field, and having nesting places in its branches for the birds of the air, you, O king, are that tree!

Isaiah 61:3 …that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that he might be glorified.  

Matthew 7:15-17 Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravenous wolves. You will know them by their fruits… A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot bear good fruit.  

Here are a few verses that point to Jesus as being the ‘Tree of Life’

John 4:14 but whoever drinks the water I (Jesus) give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.

John 3:15 That whosoever believeth in Him (Jesus) should not perish, but have eternal life.

John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

John 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, ‘I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live…’

I can show you why our journey here on earth is the means by which God leads us back to Christ our Saviour ‘The Tree of Life’!

I will start with the Flaming Sword and its meaning. Flaming in the Hebrew means ‘blaze, scorch, and burn’. The Sword is the word kharav which means ‘to make desolate, lay waste, dried up, slay, attack’  which is very much what we go through here on earth in all sorts of ways. Just as the Israelite’s wandered through the scorching heat of the desert, the dry parched places, and faced the sword, so we also go through the dry, desert-like places that scorch and burn us, which ultimately cause us to search out Jesus, the ‘Rock’ of living water, in our desert; just as the Israelite’s drank from the rock in the desert they traveled in. Jesus our Rock is the only one who can quench our thirst in our desolation, desperation and need.

In the account in Genesis, man is prevented from stretching out HIS hand to take hold of the Tree of Life.

Those of us that recognize the evil that is within, finally see the fiery sword, the dry places, and the utter desolation that we find ourselves in, and it is that which has separated us from Christ, but it is that which leads us to seek out the living water, out of our dry places, out of our humility and shame, so that Jesus takes hold of us to bring us back into Paradise, the place where we belong!  

So, Instead of Us reaching out Our hand in the pride of knowledge, we come in total surrender and humility at our utter need for a Saviour who alone can give us in all we need. He now can take us to the place where we can live forever with Him because at last we give him the adoration that He deserves, for all that He has done for us. Pride produces fire and destruction, but humility brings peace and life. So Jesus takes hold of us, instead of us taking hold of Him with the wrong motives.

Now this is where it gets really interesting when thinking of Jesus taking hold of us.  Cherubim means ‘to be grasped’, ‘held firm or tight’. (Bible Teacher Kevin Conner from Portland, Oregon, who has written books on “The Tabernacle of Moses, The Tabernacle of David, The Temple of Solomon” brings this meaning out from the Hebrew text), so it is the cherubim who lead us back so that we can be held firm in Christ; we come back and He grasps hold of us and keeps us in Him and He gives us life! For He alone is the Tree of Life. It is interesting that the Cherubim are the winged creatures that guard the way into the Garden of Eden but they also overshadow the Ark of God in heaven where Jesus is seated at the right hand of the Father.  

Isaiah 37:16 Lord Almighty, God of Israel, enthroned between the cherubim, you alone are God over all the kingdoms of the earth. You have made heaven and earth.  

Psalm 99:1 The Lord reigns, let the nations tremble; he sits enthroned between the cherubim, let the earth shake.  

Jesus came to earth outside the city (heavenly Jerusalem). He was crucified outside of the earthly Jerusalem which I think reflects a heavenly picture; that He was crucified outside of heaven. He suffered here on earth in order to gain entry back into the garden (Paradise), both for Him and us.

We are all enticed by sin and we all suffer here on earth going through the refining fires. We are trapped by the very thing that brings us back to Christ. We are separated by the fiery sword, the scorching flame, the dry places here on earth but through tribulation we are led back through the cherubim who guard the way to our Saviour, the Tree of Life! It is the experience of tribulation that washes our robes clean.

Revelation 7:9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. Revelation 7:13-14 Then one of the elders asked me, ‘These who are clothed in the white robes, who are they, and where have they come from?’ I said to him, ‘My lord, you know.’ And he said to me, ‘These are the ones who have come out of the great tribulation [KJV just says ‘Great Tribulation’], and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.’  

The word tribulation comes from the process of refining grain. In ancient times the men would beat and whip the sheaves so that the grain could be separated from the chaff. Next a cart would be run over the grain to crush it so that the seed could be set free from the husk. The cart was known as a tribulum, hence the word tribulation. We go through great trials sometimes but that is what makes us strong; the chaff is taken from us to reveal the true inner quality of the grain.

Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation to enter into the kingdom of God.    

Revelation 2:7b To him who overcomes, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the Paradise of God.  

Fruit trees do best and produce the sweetest fruit when they go through harshness of the winters.  

Overcoming through tribulation, leads us back to the ‘Tree of Life’ and ‘Paradise’.

The Garden of Eden means a delightful place/enclosure, plants, which sounds very similar to Paradise (park, preserve, enclosed garden, forest). We will find ourselves back in the place where Adam began.  

Back to the dry places again…
So we start in Genesis where Adam and Eve are sent out of the Garden, then go with the Israelite’s through the desert and continue on until we get to Revelation 7:14-17 where it says this:   These are they who have come out of Great Tribulation… they are before the throne of God and serve him day and night in his temple; and he who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them.
Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst.
The sun will not beat down on them,
nor any scorching heat.
For the Lamb at the centre of the throne will be their shepherd;
he will lead them to springs of living water.
And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.  

Isaiah 49:10
“They will not hunger or thirst, nor will the scorching heat or sun strike them down; For He who has compassion on them will lead them and will guide them to springs of water.  

The Old Testament reiterates the same thing as the new.

It is interesting to note that it was a garden that Adam and Eve were sent out of and in which they died both physically and spiritually – and it was in a garden (the Garden of Gethsemane) that Jesus offered up His life physically to die for us.

Part of an Excerpt from Hold Your Horses – © copyright

What we really need in our trials.

Here is a favourite song of mine – “Blessings” by Laura Story.
God did not promise us an easy life, we are all in this together.
When you are hanging on the side of a steep cliff by your fingernails, barely able to hold on any longer, and someone comes along and stands at the top of that cliff from their lofty position and shouts down, Roman’s 8:28 ” And we know that God works all things together for the good of those who love Him,”.
You cringe inside as you know with all your being that what you really need, is for that person to climb down to where you are hanging, to tell you “I am here with you and for you”, together we can make it up the side of this cliff.

What Temple does the “Man of Lawlessness” stand in?

I believe that Jesus body IS the third temple and the saints are a part of Jesus body who make up the temple too. Here are some verses which explain why.

John 2:19 On account of this, the Jews demanded, “What sign can You (Jesus) show us to prove Your authority to do these things?” 19 Jesus answered, “Destroy this temple and in three days I will raise it up again.” 20“This temple took forty-six years to build,” the Jews replied, “and You are going to raise it up in three days?”… But Jesus was speaking about the TEMPLE of His BODY…

Acts 7: 45 And our fathers who received it (The Tabernacle of Witness) brought it in with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations God drove out before them. It remained until the time of David, 46 who found favour in the sight of God and asked to provide a dwelling place for the GOD of Jacob. 47 But it was Solomon who built the house for Him…. Acts 7:48 However, the Most High does NOT LIVE IN HOUSES MADE BY HUMAN HANDS. As the prophet says: 49 ‘Heaven is My throne and the earth is My footstool. What kind of house will you build for Me, says the Lord, or where will My place of repose be? 50 Has not My hand made all these things?

Jesus has no building to reside in here on earth now, other than the TEMPLE/BUILDING made up of believers – made with HIS HANDS.

Ephesians 2:19-22 So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are fellow citizens with the saints, and are of God’s household, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone, in whom the WHOLE BUILDING, being fitted together, is growing into a HOLY TEMPLE IN THE LORD, in whom you also are being built together into a DWELLING OF GOD in the Spirit.

1 Corinthians 3:16 Do you not know that YOU ARE THE TEMPLE God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?  
2 Corinthians 6:16 For YOU ARE THE TEMPLE of the living God; as God has said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

So what does the Man of Lawlessness appear like, if the temple is not a temple built with hands?

2 Corinthians 6: 14-18 Do not be bound together with unbelievers; for what partnership have righteousness and LAWLESSNESS or what fellowship has light with darkness? Or what harmony has Christ with Belial, or what has a believer in common with an unbeliever? Or what agreement has the TEMPLE OF GOD with “IDOLS”? For WE ARE THE TEMPLE of the living God; just as God said, “I WILL DWELL IN THEM AND WALK AMONG THEM; AND I WILL BE THEIR GOD, AND THEY SHALL BE MY PEOPLE

2 Thessalonians 2 Concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered to him, we ask you, brothers and sisters, that you not be quickly shaken from your composure or be disturbed either by a spirit or a message or a letter as if from us, to the effect that the day of the Lord has come. 3 Let no one in any way deceive you, for it will not come unless the apostasy comes first, and the man of LAWESSNESS (unbeliever) is revealed, the son of destruction, 4.who opposes and exalts himself above every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his SEAT in the TEMPLE OF GOD, displaying himself AS BEING GOD.

So I divulge from these verses that the ‘Man of Lawlessness’ is not found in a man-made Jewish temple in Jerusalem, but rather is an unbeliever (as 2 Cor 14-18 specifically explains Lawlessness as an unbeliever and someone that is Idolized….) who sets himself up as ‘God’ in the ‘temple of believers‘.

Bible Numerics and the Seven Seals of Revelation

Numbers in Scripture often contain a message. For example the number “forty” is associated with waiting and testing. Here are some examples below.

The Israelite’s were tested in Exodus 34:28 when they waited 40 days until Moses returned with the tablets of the Law; they failed the test miserably by building the golden calf.

The book of Exodus also records the 40 year period that the Israelite’s wandered in the desert before reaching the promised land.

In Jonah 3:4 God gave the city of Ninevah 40 days to repent before it would be destroyed; this city passed the test by repenting and 300,000 souls were saved.

Numbers 13:25 records the story of the 12 Spies who were sent to explore the land for Moses and Aaron. After 40 days the spies returned with their frightening report about the size of the people, this instilled fear in the Israelite’s causing them to turn against Moses and Aaron, which resulted in that generation being denied the opportunity to enter the Promised Land.

Matt 4:1-11 tells how Jesus spent 40 days in the wilderness where He was tempted by Satan. However Jesus passed the test victoriously!

Numbers in Scripture and how the Numbers Relate to the Seven Seals of Revelation 6

Seal 1
The NUMBER ONE HAS THE MEANING OF ‘ONE GOD’ – UNITY – the unity between God the Father, Jesus the Son and the Holy Spirit. Ephesians 4:4 There is only one Spirit of God,

If you go back to the root words in the Greek it is intriguing how the White Horse describes the Spirit of God’s work in great detail. The White horse of Revelation 6 is Seal No. 1, and the symbols of this horse describe “(white) righteousness, (Bow) ‘to bring forth” (Stephanos/Crown) the victory. It is the Spirit of God who brings forth victory in righteousness in us and continues to bring forth the victory of righteousness in us (“conquering and to conquer”). Jesus promised us in John 7:39 that he would sent His Spirit to help us here on earth once He was glorified . The White Horse was sent to EARTH immediately after Jesus stood on the Throne of God, having just won the victory over sin and death, so that He could be worshiped and Glorified for having redeemed men from all nations in Revelation chapter 5:13. The text does not reveal a 2,000 year gap before the seals are opened, the text from Revelation 5 continues with the immediate opening of the seals in Revelation 6. For more information about the White Horse please visit this link https://revelation6.com/white-horse-revelation-6-really-antichrist/?

Seal 2
The NUMBER TWO REPRESENTS DIVISION AND WITNESS – On the second day of creation, heaven and earth were divided in two – ‘heavenly things and earthly things’. The number two can represent ‘witness’ and ‘martyr’. The word witness is the same word for martyr in the Greek – The second person of the Godhead is Jesus who resided in heaven and came to earth to witness on behalf His Father. He is also our sacrifice and he asks us to be His martyr and witness for the sake of the gospel.  The Red Horse rider is given a sword and is SENT to take peace from the earth: 

Jesus said in Matthew 10.34. Think not that I am come to SEND peace on earth: I came NOT to SEND PEACE, but a SWORD.

The word sword in Matt 10.34 is not the double edged sword but a large knife that is used for killing animals and can be used in the context of disputes, strife and division.

(Strong’s G3162 derived from G3163)
1) a large knife, used for killing animals and cutting up flesh
2) a small sword, as distinguished from a large sword
1) a fight or combat
a) of those in arms, a battle
b) of persons at variance, disputants etc., strife, contention
c) a quarrel

The word for sword in Matt 10.34  is the VERY SAME WORD that is used in Revelation 6:8 for the sword that the Red Horse rider carries. If you take into context the whole of that block of Scripture, around Matthew 10.34: “I did not come to send peace but a sword”; you will see that the disciples are told that they would meet persecution and were even told not to fear being killed or martyred!

The Red horse is representative of the cost of proclaiming the gospel on earth, which results in
‘the persecution of the saints’! The division between those of heaven (Christians/Saints of Heaven)
and of earth (Non-Christians who rise up against the saints of heaven). Those who are Anti-Christ!

Where there is much persecution the harvest is greater“!

Seal 3
The Black Horse is the third horse, and for me the most amazing one.
The first occurrence of the number 3 is in Genesis 1.13.
It was THE THIRD day the earth rose up out of the water, symbolic of the resurrection. (Baptism).
It was the Third Day that Queen Esther’s People were delivered.
It was the third day that God provided the Sacrifice for Abraham so that Isaac could rise up from the altar.
It was the Third day that the Cupbearer received life and the Baker was put to death (Life and Death).
It was on the third day that Jesus Died and rose again from the dead – Jesus work was FINISHED completed on the third day when he arose.

The Denarius Coin (in connection with the Black Horse of Revelation) is the Key that opens the door to the understanding and meaning of the third seal which BRINGS COMPLETENESS/WHOLENESS AND DELIVERANCE and HARVEST through JESUS WHO PAID THE PRICE!
The Denarius is mentioned seven times in Scripture, and each time, “JESUS PAYS THE DEBT!”
See this link below for a thorough overview about the Black Horse of Revelation 6.
www.revelation6.com – Home Page

Seal 4
The NUMBER FOUR IS ALWAYS ASSOCIATED WITH THE EARTH (Four corners of the earth are “North, South, East, West; there are Four Seasons etc.) and the fourth seal reveals a Pale Horse that is sent to bring all the calamities to Earth.

Revelation 6:8 And I looked, and behold, a pale horse! And its rider’s name was Death, and Hades followed him. And they were given authority over a fourth of the Earth, to kill with sword and with famine and with pestilence and by wild beasts of the Earth. (Note that it is a 1/4 of the earth that are killed)

I believe the Pale Horse shows God’s hand in causing the people of the earth to wake up and turn to Him before it is too late! For often when man is faced with adversity and death he turns to God, although some, like Pharaoh, have hardened hearts and are lost…

Seal 5
THE NUMBER FIVE SPEAKS OF GRACE AND REDEMPTION. You will see in the text below that ALL of saints that died for the sake of the gospel are given White Robes – signifying purity & redemption.

Revelation 6:9 When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain/(martyred) for the word of God and for the witness they had borne (in the second seal). 10 They cried out with a loud voice, “O Sovereign Lord, holy and true, how long before you will judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11 Then they were each given a white robe and told to rest a little longer, until the number of their fellow servants and their brothers[a] should be complete, who were to be killed as they themselves had been.

Seal 6

THE NUMBER SIX IS THE NUMBER FOR MAN and the text below is FULL of the mention of MAN and the fear of Judgement (Especially when read from The King James Version Bible) !

Rev 6:15 and the KINGS of the earth, and the great MEN, and the rich MEN, and the chief CAPTAINS, and the mighty MEN, and every bondMAN, and every free MAN, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains;

Seal 7
THE NUMBER SEVEN represents Spiritual Perfection and concludes in the 22nd Chapter of the Book of Revelation.

I can see a definite pattern, do you?

The Parable of the Ten Virgins – Let Your Light Shine

Ten Virgins

The Parable of the Ten Virgins 

Matthew 25: 1-13 “Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lampsa and went to meet the bridegroom.b 2Five of them were foolish, and five were wise. 3For when the foolish took their lamps, they took no oil with them, 4but the wise took flasks of oil with their lamps. 5As the bridegroom was delayed, they all became drowsy and slept. 6But at midnight there was a cry, ‘Here is the bridegroom! Come out to meet him.’ 7Then all those virgins rose and trimmed their lamps. 8And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9But the wise answered, saying, ‘Since there will not be enough for us and for you, go rather to the dealers and buy for yourselves.’ 10And while they were going to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut. 11Afterward the other virgins came also, saying, ‘Lord, lord, open to us.’ 12But he answered, ‘Truly, I say to you, I do not know you.’ 13Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour.

In Biblical times it was customary for the bride to have attendants, just as we do today, however they were called virgins, we call them bridesmaids.  In the parable of the 10 virgins the bride isn’t mentioned at all, but every one of the virgins who were invited to the wedding could actually qualify to be the bride, as the Hebrew word for virgin is B’toolah, which means bride, city, state, or to separate.

We must watch and be ready for we know not what hour or day our Bridegroom will come.   The Foolish Virgins were called but had no oil to light their way (or the Holy Spirit living in them to guide their way: 1 Samuel 16:13).  The Wise Virgins however carried the oil of the Spirit with them, so could easily see the way to their Bridegroom when he called. Not only could they see their way, but their light could be seen by others too so that they could be guided as well to the light of the world.  (Matthew 5: 16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, so that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven.) (John 8:12 Again Jesus spoke to them, saying, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”)

Here is a story told from the 1800’s about a watchman who worked for the railways which is a very sobering picture for us all.

The watchman’s job was to go out on dark evenings with a shining lantern to warn oncoming trains that they were to briefly branch off on to another railway line in order to avoid a collision from an approaching train from the opposite direction.  Tragically two trains collided one night on the watchman’s duty.  A court hearing resulted from the accident and the watchman was asked the question, “Did you take the lamp out to warn the train driver”?  His answer was “yes”; he told the truth, but what he neglected to tell the court was that he had no oil in the lantern, so therefore the oncoming train was not warned of the terrible danger ahead.  How many of us fail to shine the light of Christ to prevent impending disaster for those who wander in darkness?

This example above really brings home what that parable means.  Five of the virgins failed to drink in the Holy Spirit’s oil in order to shine Jesus light to a dark desperate world.

Also see The Jewish Wedding Reflections of Jesus in the Bread and Wine

Gavin Finley has kindly given permission for people to use the image above,  which I am very grateful for –
Please see the story about the image on this page here Ten Virgins Photo

The Jewish Wedding – Reflections of Jesus in the Water and the Wine

Here are just a few reflections on the Water and the Wine at a Jewish Wedding

John 2:1-12 tells us about Jesus’ very first miracle which was performed at a Jewish wedding in Cana. On the third day of the wedding feast Jesus’ mother informed Him that the wine had ran out.  Jesus replies to her, “MY TIME IS NOT YET”.  Now that is an interesting comment…. I had always thought that Jesus meant that it wasn’t time for Him to start performing miracles yet, but I have since seen some other important clues as to why He would say such a thing to His mother.

It was fitting that Jesus first miracle should happen at a wedding feast since it is picture type of what He would do for Israel, His bride, in the future. He would die for her, but then in that dying would be wed to her and share with her in a far more glorious wedding feast in heaven. I think it is really interesting that it is on the 3rd day that the ‘New Wine’ is provided by Jesus at the wedding feast in Cana, as Jesus Rose on the third day – He is ‘Our New Wine’, ‘Our New Covenant’.

Jesus’ time was “not yet” and yet He was demonstrating what He was going suffer for his Bride AT THE RIGHT TIME. The water and the wine at this wedding, I believe, symbolizes the ‘Water’ of the Baptism and the ‘Wine’ or the Blood of the everlasting covenant. (Jesus is our New Wine and New Covenant that never ends – never runs out.)

In Jewish custom the groom held up the cup of wine to his betrothed bride with his right hand and together they drank. This was done as a solemn vow to one another for the wedding to come. We see a direct parallel here in what our Lord Jesus did at the Passover with His disciples, when He took the cup, held it up to them, and urged them to drink the wine with Him.  The disciples were instructed to drink regularly from the cup in remembrance of Him until he returned again for them, (His bride) where they would drink with him in His New Kingdom. Each time we drink from the cup, we are renewing our wedding vows and showing Jesus that we belong to Him through what he has done for us.

Ephesians 5:25-27 Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her  to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless.

At the ancient engagement ceremony the words cleanse her by the washing of the word were proclaimed as a part of the vows spoken by the bridegroom as the priest of the home.  At this time he sets his bride apart, she is spoken for now.

In Jewish tradition the bride would wash herself in “living water” such as a river or a lake. This ceremony symbolized the washing away of all impurities. A celebration was held next with family and friends where they would share wine, sweets and a “blessing” in celebration for the bride’s new marital status, for now she belonged to her husband. Water baptism has a similar meaning as we are testifying that we now belong to our husband and through the living water of Christ’s Spirit our lives are being purified.

In ancient Jewish tradition, the gift of Matton or “The Bride Price” was given to the bride – as an expression of love – Rings, coins or any other precious items were sent to the bride, and as the time drew closer the gifts became more expensive. Eleazor brought gifts for Rebekah too.  This is a prophetic picture of the Messiah.  He gives gifts to all through the Holy Spirit if we ask in his name. 1 Corinthians 12.

Levitical law and bitter water

In Levitical Law if the bride was suspected of marital unfaithfulness she was given bitter water to drink.  If she was not guilty, she beared fruit/or children. Our Bridegroom Jesus was given bitter vinegar to drink on the cross and he has borne MUCH FRUIT/MANY CHILDREN through his death, because he was NOT GUILTY and now we are found ‘not guilty’ through Him!, so in turn can bear much fruit through him.

As stated earlier in times gone by the “bride price” was paid,
Jesus paid the ultimate price of all for His bride.

Why Uzzah was struck down when he tried to steady the Ark of the Covenant.

It had always confused me that God would strike Uzzah down when he put his hand out to steady the ark, when he was only doing what you or I would have done to preserve it.

I had never been given a satisfactory answer for this account in Samuel…, until a couple of days ago when I heard a sermon by Michael Youseff where he identified a very important detail in the text that I had never noticed before.

Here is the Bible Reference for the story.

2 Samuel 6 verses 1-11. David again brought together all the able young men of Israel—thirty thousand. He and all his men went to Baalah[a] in Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, which is called by the Name,[b] the name of the Lord Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim on the ark. They set the ark of God on a new cart and brought it from the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill. Uzzah and Ahio, sons of Abinadab, were guiding the new cart with the ark of God on it,[c] and Ahio was walking in front of it. David and all Israel were celebrating with all their might before the Lord, with castanets,[d] harps, lyres, timbrels, sistrums and cymbals.

When they came to the threshing floor of Nakon, Uzzah reached out and took hold of the ark of God, because the oxen stumbled. The Lord’s anger burned against Uzzah because of his irreverent act; therefore God struck him down, and he died there beside the ark of God.

Then David was angry because the Lord’s wrath had broken out against Uzzah, and to this day that place is called Perez Uzzah.[e]

David was afraid of the Lord that day and said, “How can the ark of the Lord ever come to me?” 10 He was not willing to take the ark of the Lord to be with him in the City of David. Instead, he took it to the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. 11 The ark of the Lord remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite for three months, and the Lord blessed him and his entire household.

I would like to present an illustration before I go on.

Electricity is very beneficial to us.  It can be used to provide warmth and light, heat water, cook meals and to power tools etc. and it is a great thing when used correctly, but if used carelessly it WILL kill us!   My husband’s field of work is in electronics and he has to be very careful, as he is working with electricity all day long. He has a very healthy respect for it, always approaching everything he does in the correct manner so that he will not be electrocuted!  My husband often felt uncomfortable when wearing his wedding ring to work and eventually gave up wearing it altogether because gold is a very good conductor of electricity and there was always the possibility that he could touch a ‘live’ component inadvertently, and be killed.

Now I will come back to the story of Uzzah and the ark.

Often we read the commandments in a negative way, but really they were given by God to benefit us, for our protection and good!

Here is the commandment that God gave Moses for the correct way that the ark should be carried.

1 Chronicles 15:15 And the Levites carried the ark of God on their shoulders with the poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the LORD.

I had never noticed in the account in Samuel that a ‘new cart’ was built to carry the ark and that the young men of Israel were not carrying the ark on their shoulders with polesas God had commanded”. God gave that command for their own safety. Had they carried it correctly the ark would not have been put in such a precarious situation when the oxen stumbled.  When Uzzah reached out his hand, it was inevitable that he would die, just as my husband would if he did not use the correct method for approaching something so powerful. (in Uzzah’s case “The power of God”)

Once we see that God gives us His commandments for a good reason then we will not see them as something negative that must be obeyed, but as the Holy Word of God that protects us from the heartache of damaging relationships with our fellow man and God.

The Story about Uzzah is a very graphic indication of the Power of God and how we must reverence his Word, take it seriously and be obedient for our own good – God is always out for our good.  It is through Christ that we have the power to obey the commands.

Illustration courtesy of Free Bible Images.

God’s Endorsement on Second Edition of ‘Hold Your Horses’

I could see that the second edition of Hold Your Horses was likely to be published some time in November 2017. I wondered whether it was a good time to be publishing since it was right at the end of the year…. and also November hasn’t always been a good month for me.

Due to the lack of interest and the huge amount of negative feedback I had received from the First Edition, I was agonizing and wondering whether I should even be publishing a Second Edition at all?

I took it to the Lord and said “Lord has anything of note ever happened on the 11th month in the Bible?”  I looked up the 11th month and I found a passage where something indeed did happen.  It was on the 24th day of the 11th month.  I said to the Lord “if this book really is ALL FROM YOU, can you publish my book on the 24th day of the 11th month”?  I had absolutely no control over the date as my publisher and promoter were in control of everything.

To my delight on the 24th day of the 11th month New Zealand time Ingram Spark notified my publisher and promoter that they were publishing my book.  That was enough for me.  I was thrilled…. But to my excitement and utter joy my book appeared on Amazon and the rest of the publishing sites world-wide on the 24th day of the 11th month ‘U.S. time’ as well! (which was the next day)

Now here is where it gets REALLY EXCITING!  The event that happened in Scripture on that very day was when Zechariah received his vision of the ‘Four Different Coloured Horses’ that were sent into all the earth. These horses parallel the Four Horsemen of Revelation which I have referenced in my book.  How precise can God be?  I shared this with my publisher and promoter and they were absolutely amazed too (they are my witnesses) and one remarked that my book was truly anointed by God!

This has given me such a boost and I now go in confidence no matter what people say.

Amazon Listing details

  • File Size: 2948 KB
  • Print Length: 105 pages
  • Publisher: D A Cleland; 1 edition
  • Publication Date: November 24, 2017
  • Sold by:Amazon Digital Services LLC
  • Language: English
  • ASIN: B078BQP4ZX

Why the Black Horse of Revelation CANNOT be the Horse of Famine!

Article Excerpt from Hold Your Horses ©

The rider on the Black Horse is usually depicted as a mysterious skeletal figure, draped in a black hooded robe, holding out a pair of scales in his thin bony hand, unleashing famine on the earth but is this picture correct?

I believed the interpretation described above for over 30 years as I left the study of the book of Revelation up to the experts to explain.  However a few years ago I began to research the barley plant in Scripture and as part of this research I discovered a Jewish website (http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com) which stated that whenever ‘barley’ is mentioned in the Old Testament, the outcome always resulted in the Israelite’s receiving protection and deliverance from hunger and death.

After conscientious study I found that this statement was absolutely correct, even in the New Testament. A particularly interesting phenomena I discovered, was that it didn’t matter if there was mention of 3 Measures of Barley, a Barley Cake, some Barley Bread, or a Field of Barley, the outcome was always the same DELIVERANCE FROM FAMINE AND/OR DEATH. After discovering such consistency in Scripture I was confused that just one reference to ‘barley’ in connection with the Black Horse of Revelation 6 did not line up with all the other references, as I had believed for over 30 years that the Black Horse of Revelation ‘brought famine’. The fact that each mention of ‘barley’ in all of the other passages consistently saw the Israelite’s DELIVERED FROM ‘famine and death’ aroused my curiosity to look further. I spent almost two years researching the 7 symbols associated with the Black horse using the ‘the law of first mention’ (which is a Biblical principle whereby the first time a subject is introduced it sets the pattern in Scripture) and I unearthed some surprising and unexpected results that brought to light an entirely different and positive message through the Black Horse of Revelation!

Here are the verses in question  Revelation 6:5
When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come.” I looked, and behold, a black horse; and he who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand. And I heard something like a voice in the center of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and do not damage the oil and the wine.”

I will first examine the denarius coin looking at the context, or what message is put forward, in every passage that the denarius appears in Scripture (which is seven times), to help arrive at the correct interpretation for this coin in Revelation 6. (Please note that all portions of Scripture below are paraphrased)

The denarius is first mentioned in Matthew 18:28 and is the parable of the unforgiving servant. 
The unforgiving servant had owed a thousand bags of gold, but after begging his master to be patient, was freed of that debt. The harsh servant then went on and ordered his own fellow servant to pay back a one hundred DENARII DEBT OWING and took no pity on him, even after he begged him to be patient. Jesus concludes the parable with these words – ‘You wicked servant! I FORGAVE YOU all your ‘DEBT’ because you begged me. Should you not have had mercy on your fellow servant, just as I had mercy on you?’
So the message is THE DEBT OWED THE DEBT PAID. Who paid the debt in this parable? JESUS DID!

The second mention of the Denarius is in The Parable of Landowner who owned a Vineyard” in Matthew 20:2 – The landowner in this parable hired some men to work in his vineyard ‘Kingdom of Heaven’. (These men were standing in the market place – doing nothing they had no work – their ‘DEBTS’ could NOT be ‘PAID’!)  Each man was ‘PAID’ a ‘DENARIUS’ for the day; whether they worked a Full Day, a Half a Day, or just a Small Portion of the Day. So for the man who was hired at the end of the day, the denarius was actually worth three times more! Jesus is the landowner in this parable and the message that he is conveying, is that no matter what time that ‘anyone’ either Jew or Gentile enters ‘the kingdom of Heaven’, the REWARD is always the same ‘ETERNAL LIFE’ through ‘HIS PAYMENT’ – represented by the ‘DENARIUS’;
The message is; THE DEBT OWED THE DEBT PAID. Who paid the debt in this parable? JESUS DID!

I find it interesting that Bible Scholars and Teachers often use the above parable as evidence for their interpretation of the meaning of the Denarius. The argument commonly put forward is that the Denarius represents a ‘day’s wage’ – (Their reasoning is that the Denarius would only buy a meagre amount of food for the day); but when you examine the CONTEXT in which the Denarius is presented in this parable, it represents the same payment/reward for us all, which is ‘eternal life’. (I encourage you to take a look at this link for more understanding about the parable. https://www.gotquestions.org/parable-laborers-vineyard.html

The third mention of the Denarius is about the paying of the imperial tax to Caesar Matthew 22:19; Mark 12:15. The Pharisees were trying to trap Jesus by asking Him if it was right to pay the imperial tax. Jesus however asked them ‘Show me the coin for the tax.’ A DENARIUS was presented to Jesus who replied to the Pharisees. ‘Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s; and to God the things that are God’s.’ In Matthew 17:23-27, the tax collectors came around to collect the taxes from Jesus and the disciples, and Peter asked if they had to pay them. Jesus replies that the ‘sons are exempt from paying the taxes’, but JESUS PAYS them for Himself and the disciples by way of a silver coin found in the mouth of a fish. Romans 13:7. PAY to all what is OWED to them: TAXES to whom taxes are OWED.
The message is; THE DEBT OWED THE DEBT PAID. Who paid the debt for the taxes? JESUS DID!

The fourth mention is where Jesus is anointed by the sinful woman at Bethany – Mark 14:5; John 12:5. After Jesus’ feet were anointed with very expensive perfume by a sinful woman at Bethany, one of the Pharisees became indignant and asked the woman, ‘Why this waste of perfume? It could have been sold for over three hundred DENARII and the money given to the poor.’ Jesus responds to the Pharisee:  in Luke 7: 41-42 ‘Two men were DEBTORS to a certain moneylender. One OWED him five hundred DENARII, and the other fifty. When they were unable to REPAY him, he FORGAVE both of them. Which one, then, will love him more?’
The message is; THE DEBT OWED THE DEBT PAID.  Who paid the debt that could not be repaid JESUS DID!

The fifth mention sees Jesus feeding the 5,000 – Mark 6:37 & John 6:7. The disciples were worried that Jesus’ 5,000 followers were hungry and approached Him to see if they could send the people off to nearby villages to buy some food; but Jesus’ answer to the disciples was, ‘You give them something to eat.’ Confused the disciples reply ‘Shall we go and buy two hundred DENARII worth of bread and give it to them to eat?’ We all know how the story ends as Jesus multiplied the bread and fed everyone with more left over. The bread would have cost Two Hundred DENARII, which the disciples could NOT have PAID for, but instead Jesus provides the equivalent of the 200 DENARII of bread and more.
The message is; THE DEBT OWED THE DEBT PAID. Who indirectly paid the debt for the Bread? JESUS DID!

The 6th mention is the parable about the Good Samaritan from Luke 10:25. On one occasion an expert in the law tests Jesus and asks him, ‘Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?’  Jesus goes on to tell the parable about a man who was attacked by robbers and left for dead and how only a Samaritan man (not considered one of God’s people) went out of his way to help the injured person. The next day the Samaritan took out two DENARII to give to the innkeeper to care for the injured man and affirms that he will PAY any extra expenses (DEBT) incurred for his care.

Until recently I knew that five of the accounts about the Denarius showed that Jesus definitely paid the debt but I wasn’t sure about the parable of the Good Samaritan at all until I found this verse.

John 8:48 “The Jews answered him (Jesus), “Aren’t we right in saying that YOU ARE A SAMARITAN and demon-possessed?”

I had always thought that the parable of the Good Samaritan demonstrated that we should be the Good Samaritan (Which of course we should always be ready to rescue our neighbour, who has been beaten about by life’s trials – for that is the message that Jesus is conveying to the ‘Expert in Jewish Law’ here) but I do believe that Jesus is specifically referring to Himself as the ‘Good Samaritan’; and that those who have been attacked and robbed – “by Satan” –  are the ones who are left by the roadside. (My conjecture here – John 10:10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy).  Jesus demonstrates in the parable how the ‘expert man of the law’ should treat his neighbour (those who have been attacked and robbed), and he distinctly points out that a priest didn’t go to the man’s rescue, he passed by on the other side of the road; and even a Levite – who was a member of the Hebrew tribe of Levi, where his job was to specifically assist the priests in Jewish Temple Worship also passed by on the other side of the road. It was only a Good Samaritan’ man (which the Jews referred to Jesus as “an Evil Samaritan” in John 8:48) that helped the injured man. In other words the ‘teachers in the law’ must do what Jesus the Good Samaritan Man would do; which is to have mercy on the man who had been attacked and robbed. The symbolism in this story is interesting too because we find that the Good Samaritan bandaged the man’s wounds and poured oil and wine on them.” (Oil and Wine signify the Holy Spirit and the Blood of Christ – which bring cleansing, healing and life to us).  We must carry the Oil of the Spirit and the message of the Blood of Christ to bring cleansing, healing and life to those who have been wounded by life’s trials and fallen by the wayside.

So ‘Who paid the Debt’ in the parable about the Good Samaritan? I believe JESUS DID!

Now if you apply the “Law of First Mention” then you would expect with such a consistent and unchanged message that is presented in all of the references above in Scripture, that the Denarius would represent ‘JESUS PAYMENT’ in REVELATION 6 as well, and I believe it definitely does particularly when you examine every other symbol connected to the Black Horse with what the rest of Scripture says.

Sadly Bible Scholars and Teachers have ignored the context in which the Denaruis coin presents itself in Scripture, and instead have taken just one very small portion of a verse to arrive at their conclusions, which has presented an inaccurate interpretation for Denarius Coin of Revelation 6.

Just to finish: If you examine the picture above you will see that the Denarius makes the balances even. “An even balance is always a GOOD thing in Scripture.”

For example Job said in Job 31:6let me be weighed in an even balance”. (Job’s scales were evenly balanced)

God says in Isaiah 40:12Who has held the dust of the earth in a basket, or weighed the mountains on the scales and the hills in a balance?” (The earth is precisely balanced or there would be no life, if it were not.)

Belshazzar scales however were of differing weights. God said in Daniel 5:27 Tekel: “You have been weighed on the scales and found wanting.” (Belshazzar’s scales were not even like those of the Black Horse of Revelation.)

Click on the image below to read the first 17 pages from my book ‘Hold Your Horses’
The amazing fact is that when all of the symbols are examined thoroughly, the Black Horse is revealed as
‘The Horse of the Atonement, The Horse of the harvest’

Please Note: I did not write this book to make a profit, I wrote it only to bring to light what the Lord showed me through the entirety of Scripture, so that others may be blessed.
Any proceeds are going to The Salvation Army Food-bank (Dunedin – New Zealand)
to feed the hungry.

Click on the images below for purchase options of your choice.
Other purchase options can be found Here

Is the Rider on the White Horse the Antichrist or the ‘Spirit of Christ’ ? – Click on the image to find out!



Why the White Horse of Revelation 6 CANNOT be the Antichrist!

Excepts from Hold Your Horses ©

The White Horse of Revelation 6 – Is it a description of the ‘Antichrist’ or the ‘Spirit of Christ’?
Let’s look at what other Bible Scholars & Teachers put forward as evidence for their interpretation, then I will show you the consistency of Scripture and also examine the root words from the Greek so you can decide for yourself who rides the White Horse.

We will look first at the colour of the Horse.

References to ‘White’ in the Bible
There are Twenty Nine references altogether of the word ‘white’ in the New Testament (now that is a lot of mentions of the word white) and ALL of the other 28 mentions MEAN ‘white’.

There are Nineteen references in total of the word ‘white’ in the book of Revelation itself and ALL of the others in this book represent the righteousness of the Father, the Lord Jesus, the Elders, and the “victory in righteous for the Saints who overcome. So with that evidence you would expect that the ‘White’ Horse of Revelation 6 would also represent “righteousness” when taken at face value.

Below I have provided all of the references to the word ‘white’ in the book of Revelation to prove the meaning of Righteousness.

Revelation 1:14 His head and his hair were white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes were as a flame of fire;
Revelation 2:17 …will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.
Revelation 3:4 and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
Revelation 3:5 He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life… 
Please Note: the word overcometh’ is nikaō in the Greek and translates into 3 words in English – which are ‘victory’, ‘overcome’ and ‘conquer’.

Revelation 3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear…
Revelation 4:4 I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold.
Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
Revelation 6:11 And white robes were given unto every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season…
Revelation 7:9 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands…
Revelation 7:13 And one of the elders answered, saying unto me, What are these which are arrayed in white robes and whence came they?
Revelation 7:14 These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Revelation 14:14 And I looked, and behold a white cloud, and upon the cloud one sat like unto the Son of man, having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle.
Revelation 15:6 And the seven angels came out of the temple, having the seven plagues, clothed in pure and white linen…
Revelation 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.
Revelation 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
Revelation 20:11 …and I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

The Bow
There are three accepted explanations from the Greek, given by Bible Scholars and Teachers for the word ‘bow’ of Revelation 6:2; and when all three are examined together, they reveal a precise description of the different facets of “Holy Spirit of God“. (I believe)

Here is the 1st explanation
Bible Teacher’s often declare that the rider on the White Horse carries a ‘warrior’s’ bow, however I discovered that it is ‘not the bow of a warrior’; this particular bow is only mentioned ‘once’ in all of scripture and in the Greek is the word (toxon), https://biblehub.com/str/greek/5115.htm .

The simple root word from the Greek language for ‘bow’ is Strong’s G5115 (τίκτω – tikto), which is a verb and has the meaning; ‘To Bring Forth’.

If you chose to look no deeper into the root word for Bow and kept just the simple meaning ‘To Bring Forth’ and then combined all of the other symbols connected with the White Horse. The symbols translate as; (White) righteousness, (Bow) To bring Forth, (Stéphanos – Victory Crown) The Victory. (I will examine the word for crown in more depth further on in this post.)

The Full interpretation/meaning of the root word (τίκτω – tikto) in the Greek is ‘To bear, produce (fruit from the seed) as of a woman giving birth’. https://biblehub.com/greek/5088.htm

Isn’t it the Holy Spirit who ‘brings forth’ ‘new birth’ and who ‘brings forth’ ‘fruit’ in our lives?

John 3:6 Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. You should not be surprised at my saying, `You must be born again. ‘

Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness.

Others state that the rider of the White Horse does not carry any arrows for his bow, so he must be the  Antichrist…   As mentioned above the bow in this case is not the bow of a warrior, so it would be impossible for the rider to shoot any physical arrows.

The 2nd explanation
Still another translation of the word bow in Revelation 6 is ‘the simplest fabric’. https://biblehub.com/str/greek/5115.htm

Here below the ‘simplest fabric’ is described by those who work with textiles.

Linen weave: simplest and thickest interlaced reversible fabric in which the appearance of the face and back of the woven fabric is the same. Source: en.texsite.info/Linen_weave

Linen weave is the simplest and surely the oldest weave: One up, one down, one up, one down etc. The result is a regular grid that looks the same from both the right and left side. Source: www.marquise.de/en/themes/howto/stoffkunde.shtml

Linen fabric was predominantly white in ancient times because the flax which the linen was made from does not hold dye very well. The flax fibre was left in the sun to be bleached white and then made into linen, so the whole process was very natural and simple with the end result being a pure white cloth.

The words ‘simplest fabric’ seem to tie the White Horse of Revelation 6 and the White Horses of Revelation 19 together. The explanation for the white linen that the saints are clothed with in Revelation 19:8 –  is ‘fine white linen made from byssus, a species of Egyptian flax’  – this lines up with the description of the simplest fabric.

Revelation 19: 8 She was given clothing of fine linen, bright and pure.” For the fine linen she wears is the righteous acts of the saints.

Only the Holy Spirit (which I believe the White Horse of Revelation 6 stands for) can clothe the saints of Revelation 19 with His righteous acts, symbolised by the white linen or, as accurately described above, as the simplest fabric!

The 3rd explanation
Some Bible teachers see the “bow” of Revelation 6:2 as representing a ‘New Covenant’ such as the Rain’bow’ of Genesis – which I believe fits perfectly with the promise of the Holy Spirit  being sent directly after Jesus ascended the throne of God as the victorious risen Lamb. Check and see for yourself, there is absolutely no hint of a 2,000 year gap between Jesus receiving honour and worship as the risen lamb in the last verse of Revelation 5, and the opening of the first seal in Revelation 6:2.  Unfortunately some Bible teachers twist this interpretation for ‘bow’ into something sinister because they link it to the covenant of Daniel 9 ……. which I find confusing particularly considering that the ‘bow’ has been linked to the promise/covenant of God in the book of Genesis?

The three descriptions given for the word ‘bow’ are –
‘To Bring forth – New Birth’ and ‘To Bring Forth – Fruit’
Simplest Fabric – White Linen – the righteous acts of the saints.
New Covenant/Promise

The Crown
The Stéphanos Crown (which is a ‘conquering’ or ‘victory garland) that the rider is ‘given’ is predominantly worn by Christ and the Saints! Here are a few examples for you.

1 Thessalonians 2:19 Crown of Rejoicing – (Garland of Rejoicing)
James 1:12 Crown of Life – (Garland of Life)
1 Peter 5:4 Crown of Glory – (Garland of Glory)
Revelation 2:10 Crown of Life – (Garland of Life)
Revelation 3:11 No man may take your Crown (Garland)

Numerous teachers often state emphatically that rider on the White Horse cannot be Christ because He wears ‘many diadēma (Strong’s G1238) golden kingly crowns’ in Revelation 19. They say that Jesus does not ever wear a stéphanos crown – but that he carries a sword instead. I discovered that Jesus wears the Stéphanos Crown TWICE!  – In Revelation 14:14 Jesus is described as looking like the ‘Son of Man’ who sits on a white cloud with a Golden Stéphanos Crown ( Conquering Crown) on His head to harvest the earth. Jesus is referred to as the Son of Man another 85 times in the New Testament, determining that this verse is speaking of Christ. Jesus also wore a Stéphanos ‘Crown of Thorns’ while He hung on the Cross; this declaring that he was the lamb who ‘conquered’ the curse of ‘sin’. (Thorns as we know were what God cursed the earth with after Adam and Eve sinned).

Bible Teachers often put a lot of emphasis on the fact that the rider is ‘given’ the crown.  I would just like to point out that the victory crown could not be ‘given – or passed on’ until Jesus had ‘won the victory’ over sin and death in Chapter 5 of Revelation, so that the White Horse could be sent out into all the earth to bring victory in righteousness in Chapter 6 of Revelation.  It is logical to conclude that the White Horse describes the ‘One’ that Jesus promised He would send, the ‘One’ who is ‘like Him’, His Spirit who is ‘Victorious in Righteousness’ through His people – (Romans 8:10 But if Christ is in you, although the body is dead because of sin, the Spirit is life because of righteousness). – note the capital letter for Spirit shows that it is in reference to the ‘Holy Spirit’

White Horses
You will note a pattern emerges with each mention of White Horses in the book of Revelation.

Revelation 6:2 And I saw, and behold a white horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering and to conquer.

Revelation 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

Revelation 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen white and clean.

Again this seems to tie all three mentions of white horses together, all going out to fight for the same cause of righteousness (as I have explained earlier the colour ‘white’ consistently stands for ‘righteousness’,) When the text is not added to and is looked at simply, the first white horse lines up with all of the other 18 mentions of white in Revelation.

The Matthew 24 theory?
Still others line up Matthew Chapter 24 with Revelation 6 and state outright that this White Horse is the Antichrist who comes in ‘peace’ (and with diplomacy) to ‘deceive’ people; but they do not present any concrete Scriptural backup for their interpretation of ‘peace’. I can’t find a suitable Scripture reference myself which would suggest that the ‘symbols’ associated with this horse, such as, ‘White, Bow, Crown’ would represent peace?!  Even the dove, which is associated with peace, is not mentioned in the entire Bible as a ‘white’ dove! I also have trouble seeing ‘any symbol’ connected with this horse that would represent ‘deception’ in any way?

If you put the Red and Pale horses of Revelation 6 together you get persecution, the sword, famine and pestilence, which fits quite well with Matt 24.

Exegesis of the Chapters leading up to Chapter 6 of Revelation.
If you examine the previous chapters leading up to Revelation 6, you will see that each of the 7 churches are told to  (nikaō) overcome, conquer, win the victory in righteousness (for as I have explained earlier, these three words are used in the English language for the word nikaō in the Greek). Just a few verses before the White Horse is sent out with its rider into all the earth; you find that Jesus “the Lion of Judah” had just (nikaō) – overcame, conquered, won the victory over sin death and the grave because of His righteousness in Revelation 5:5; then He immediately begins to open the first seal to send out a White Horse to (nikaō) overcome/conquer/win the victory, and to continue to overcome/conquer/win the victory in righteousness on earth, for that is where the horse is sent. There is a continuum of victory which is threaded right through from Revelation Chapter’s 1- 6 which most people have overlooked.

I will re-iterate again – if you put all the simple symbolism of the White Horse together at face value without adding or taking away from Scripture, accepting that White is White……..

You have a White Horse representing ‘Purity and Righteousness’ (which lines up with the other 18 references in the book of Revelation of the word ‘white’) whose rider ‘Brings Forth through the Bow’‘Victory through the Crown’.

Had the words of Revelation 6:2 been “And he went out to “Overcome and Win the Victory” (nikaō), rather than conquer and to conquer, would people have jumped to the conclusion of a more sinister interpretation?

Below I would like to present some important background information in the lead up to the opening of the first seal which helps to view everything in CONTEXT.

I will start from Revelation 4:1 – 5:2 – Paraphrased.
When John was called up through the open door into heaven (In the Spirit) he first saw the Father sitting on the throne, being worshiped by 24 elders. In His right hand He held a scroll. Then a voice from a mighty angel asked, “Who is worthy to break the seals and open the scroll“?

I think it is astonishing that Jesus was not in Heaven when John first arrived – in fact it states in Rev: 5:4 that Jesus was nowhere to be found! He was not on the earth, He was not under the earth and He definitely was not in heaven, because NO ONE was found worthy ‘ANYWHERE’, AT THAT POINT to open the scroll, and John wept bitterly because of this – which is really strange!

Here are some important facts to consider;
In Acts 7:55 when Steven was being stoned, he saw heaven opened and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. So how is it that when John first entered heaven that he did not immediately see Jesus standing at the right hand of God as Steven had?

Another important fact to take into account is that in Revelation 3:21, ‘just before’ John was invited up through the open door into heaven, Jesus’ message through John to the church of Laodicea reads, ‘he who overcomes, I will grant to him to ‘sit down with my on my throne’ as I also overcame and ‘sat down’ with my Father on His Throne.

Now a very pertinent question must be asked here. Just how is it that Jesus was NOT ‘sat down’ with His Father on the throne on John’s arrival in heaven, when only a few verses earlier the text declares that Jesus had already overcome and had ‘sat down’ with His Father?

I would like to ask you now; after considering the information provided above “was John taken ‘backward’ or ‘forward’ in time when transported up to Heaven in the Spirit”?

Let’s re-examine the timeline again.
Revelation 5:4 reveals the utter hopelessness for the future of mankind, and this is graphically demonstrated by John’s distress and tears that no one could be found anywhere! Either ‘in heaven’, ‘on the earth’, or ‘under the earth’ to open the scroll, and as noted above; astonishingly EVEN JESUS is not found worthy to open the scroll at that point!

Two questions must be asked now!
1) What negated Jesus from opening scroll?
2) Where was Jesus likely to be if He could not open the Scroll?

I believe that the text ‘strongly suggests’ in Revelation 5:4 that Jesus was not able to open the scroll because He was very likely on the cross bearing our sin; as it is ‘sin and death’ that negates ‘anyone’ from opening the scroll! – As we know, sin however had no hold over Jesus because he was righteous and pure and that gave Him the power to break through into heaven and take His place on the Throne of God as the Spotless Lamb, because He triumphed over sin and death’; so then the elders in the very next sentence of Revelation 5:5 could proclaim why He the ‘Lion of Judah’ was now able to open the scroll because He was slain and had risen to life, which brought redemption for people of all nations 2,000 years ago. We know that in reality Jesus had ascended to heaven’s throne approximately 40 years before John’s vision, as this is confirmed by Stephen’s witness to this, in the book of Acts.

So what I take from this is that God starts from the very beginning in John’s Vision, taking him ‘back to Jesus’ death and resurrection and victorious ascension to the throne to ‘THE THINGS THAT ARE’ – Jesus is our SACRIFICED LAMB WHO ‘SAVED’ US.

Revelation 1:19 Therefore write down the things you have seen, and the things that ARE, and the things that will happen after this.

The things that take place after Jesus ascension to the throne BEGIN with the workings of the Holy Spirit and everything that happens AFTER THAT!

Jesus told us in John 7:39 that He must first be ‘glorified’ before He could ‘send His Spirit to Earth’,
which fits perfectly with the series of events leading up to the opening of the first seal; as immediately after Jesus is seen standing as the Victorious Lamb on the Throne of God, He is GLORIFIED!
So the very next event sees Jesus opening the First Seal to send the White Horse to earth which we have seen accurately describes the Spirit of God and His Workings.

And what about the Black Horse?
Many say that it represents economic hardship and famine but is this correct?…
From Scripture I have learned that it is “The Horse of the Atonement, The Horse of the Harvest”.
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